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Tuesday, November 24, 2020 | History

2 edition of Rural and urban poverty and the measurement of development performance in the Transkei found in the catalog.

Rural and urban poverty and the measurement of development performance in the Transkei

N. D. Muller

Rural and urban poverty and the measurement of development performance in the Transkei

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  • 12 Currently reading

Published by Development Studies Unit, University of Natal in Durban .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Transkei (South Africa),
  • South Africa,
  • Transkei.
    • Subjects:
    • Income distribution -- South Africa -- Transkei.,
    • Poverty -- South Africa -- Transkei.,
    • Transkei (South Africa) -- Economic conditions.

    • Edition Notes

      Statementby Neil D. Muller.
      SeriesWorking paper ;, no. 9, Rural urban studies series ;, working paper no. 9.
      ContributionsUniversity of Natal. Centre for Applied Social Sciences. Development Studies Unit., University of Natal. Rural Urban Studies Unit.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHC905.Z7 T735 1987
      The Physical Object
      Paginationii, 36 p. ;
      Number of Pages36
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL1528602M
      ISBN 100869805916
      LC Control Number93220068
      OCLC/WorldCa22919245

      Poverty Reduction Policies and Practices in Developing Asia (Economic Studies in Inequality, Social Exclusion and Well-Being) - Kindle edition by Heshmati, Almas, Esfandiar Maasoumi, Guanghua Wan, Heshmati, Almas, Maasoumi, Esfandiar, Wan, Guanghua. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Cited by: 3. distinction between pure agricultural and rural development is the emphasis on capital development for the former, and human capital development for the latter.” Since the ’s rural development as a concept has been highly associated with the promotion of standards of living and as a precondition for reducing rural poverty. This pro-File Size: KB. Measurement of mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) using standard techniques revealed malnutrition in 44% of the rural and 24% of the urban children especially in the years of age group. Culture appropriate indicators of psycho-social development picked up gross delays in gross motor (GM), vision and fine motor (V&FM) and language by: 7.   Provision of Urban Amenities in Rural Areas (PURA) PURA is a strategy for Rural Development in India, proposed by former President APJ Abdul Kalam in his book Target 3 billion. Focus: PURA focusses on providing urban infrastructure and services in rural areas. As this will prevent migration of people from rural areas to urban areas.


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Rural and urban poverty and the measurement of development performance in the Transkei by N. D. Muller Download PDF EPUB FB2

Rural urban studies unit rural and urban poverty and the measurement of development performance in the transkei by neil d muller development studies. Rural and urban poverty and the measurement of development performance in the Transkei.

By Neil D. Muller. Topics: Poverty, Rural Development. Publisher: Rural Urban Studies Unit, Development Studies Unit (Centre for Applied Social Sciences), University of Author: Neil D.

Muller. Surprisingly little is known about the nature and extent of rural poverty, but some striking facts of interest include the following: In 5 out of 12 countries examined, the rural population still Author: Lia Rosida. Rural poverty: trends and measurement (English) Abstract. This paper analyzes the trends and measurements related to key aspects of rural poverty, using 24 sample countries that represent various regions and levels of economic by: 7.

Choices for the Poor rural and the urban spheres. A better understanding of the rural-urban interface is critical to the formulation of national poverty reduction strategies, particularly in countries experiencing rapid urbanisation or escalating rural-urban disparities.

of poverty. Muhome() in a study on the rural-urban welfare inequalities in Malawi, used decompositions to provide quantitative assessment of the sources of the rural-urban welfare differential.

Through the use of Machado and Mata () hereafter “M-M” technique, she. In the recent years, an extensive body of literature has emerged on the definition, measurement and analyzing of urban poverty.

This paper provides a meaning and understanding for the term urban poverty and explores the concept of urban poverty, vulnerability, and urban poverty dynamics that underpin this by: 9.

Growth with Uneven Development: Urban-rural Socio-economic Disparities in Botswana Article (PDF Available) in Geoforum 27(1) February with Reads How we measure 'reads'.

ON THE MEASUREMENT OF POVERTY Official statistics in the United States and the United Kingdom show a rise in poverty between the 's and the 's but scepticism has been expressed with regard to these findings. In particular, the methods employed in the measurement of poverty have been the subject of Size: KB.

Rural and urban poverty and the measurement of development performance in the Transkei. Durban: Development Studies Unit, University of Natal, (OCoLC) ‘The term rural means an area which is characterised by non-urban style of life, occupational structure, social organisation and settlement pattern.

‘Development’ is defined in terms of technological or industrial development. But development of rural people means raising the standard of their living (Singh, ) Size: KB.

of rural poverty (in opposition to urban poverty) and its specificities is produced on this basis. However, before dealing with this question, poverty needs to be defined.

The literature on poverty offers several possible measurements: 2 The former communes are those pre-existing before the merging of communes in the s. Their number was. Rural and urban poverty changes followed similar trends over the – period.

This is true also for the trends in the individual countries with time-series data. As a result, the gap between rural and urban poverty, which on average was around 5% points, has remained remarkably by: The Measurement and Analysis of Inequality Using but previously they have also considered income distribution performance.

In this book Gary Fields reverses conventional approaches by using income distribution as the primary indicator.

He examines what is known about the distribution of income and poverty, inequality, and development. He Cited by: Magnitude of Poverty in India: The Uniform Recall Period (URP) consumption distribution data of NSS 61st round places the poverty ratio at per cent in rural areas, per cent in urban areas and per cent in the country as a whole.

Around half the population is defined as poor and living below the poverty line. Poverty is mainly rural- about two thirds of the country's poor people live in rural areas and more than two thirds of rural people are poor.

In urban areas only 28% are poor. Around 56%. former Transkei, the development approaches adopted did not provide solutions to the problems of rural poverty and underdevelopment in the past. Most notably, the development policies based on the growth pole concept did. A Unifi ed Approach to Measuring Poverty and Inequality Theory and Practice James Foster Suman Seth Michael Lokshin Zurab Sajaia STREAMLINED ANALYSIS WITH ADePT SOFTWARE.

examines the evolution of urban-rural linkages in South Africa since as well as their impact on both rural and urban development. The way in which these rural-urban linkages have been articulated within the political economy of the apartheid spatial economy File Size: KB.

The page Cities Data Book explores the theory, development and application of urban indicator systems for improved urban management and performance measurement, and presents the findings from a pilot exercise undertaken in 18 cites in the Asia and Pacific region. To date, most development theory and practice have focused on either “urban” “rural” issue with little consideration of the interrelations between the two.

By contrast, severalFile Size: 1MB. This paper examined the effects of rural-urban migration on the rural communities of Southeastern Nigeria.

Data were obtained using mixed methods approach comprising questionnaire surveys and key informant interviews. Six rural local government areas (LGAs) were selected based on population size and spatial equity from two states of Southeastern by: Rural/Urban divide still exists Ratio of Urban to Rural Capita Income 3 2 China 1 0.

living conditions in urban slums, and no tenure security. Other aspects of poverty, both rural and urban, which are multidimensional relate to access to basic services such as water, sewage, health and education, and a safety net to mitigate hard times.

Measuring urban poverty can be carried out using a number of approaches summarized below. Espen Beer Prydz is an Economist working on measurement of poverty and inequality with the World Bank’s Development Data Group, based at the Center for Development Data in Rome.

He has previously worked with the World Bank in Cambodia, South Sudan and Indonesia on poverty, social protection and economic policy. Globally, over 50% of the population lives in urban areas today. Bythe world's urban population will increase by times to 6 billion.

City leaders must move quickly to plan for growth and provide the basic services, infrastructure, and affordable housing their expanding populations need. Urban Development Home. World Urban Forum. Urban schools had larger enrollments, on average, than suburban or rural schools at both the elementary and secondary levels.

Urban teachers had fewer resources available to them and less control over their curriculum than teachers in other locations, as did teachers in urban high poverty schools compared with those in rural high poverty.

But these days, “community development” means a lot more and offers the potential for much greater impact. A new book, Investing in What Works for America's Communities, produced jointly by the Low Income Investment Fund and the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, assembles the most current and creative thinking about community : Margery Austin Turner.

Not surprisingly, a single, all-encompassing measure of poverty remains beyond reach. One response is to turn to methods like “participatory rural assessments” (which can be applied as well to urban areas). The idea in this approach is to ask members of a village or neighborhood to define their own poverty standards and to identify who wouldFile Size: 87KB.

poverty in Kenya. In brief, the regional profile shows that the majority of the poor are in the rural areas and that poverty levels, depth and severity in rural areas are much higher than in urban areas. Poverty has persisted in particular provinces and social groups since the s.

The Wye Group Handbook Rural Households’ Livelihood and Well-Being Statistics on Rural Development and Agriculture Household Income UNITED NATIONSFile Size: 3MB.

They indicate that migration to urban areas between and accounts for a significant part of the observed decline in poverty. The paper concludes that it is essential to use accurate urban-rural cost of living differences in deriving aggregate, urban and rural poverty by: tHe PaSt, PreSent, and Future oF Community develoPment in tHe united StateS alexander von Hoffman1 Harvard University F or more than a century, American reformers have struggled to remedy the problems of poverty in the places where low-income people live.

At first, these social improvers could muster only a few isolated solu-File Size: KB. This sourcebook was written to assist low-income countries with the development and strengthening of their poverty reduction strategies. This book has been designed as a resource for analysis and discourse on poverty reduction policies and programs at the country level.

population living below $ 1 a day in The sub-region also records more rural poverty than urban poverty with 37 percent of the population in the rural areas living below two-third of their national mean per capita income in The country with the highest rural poverty is South Africa with 86 percent, followed by CentralFile Size: 62KB.

The aim of this course is to provide a basic introduction to innovation and innovation policy making. The course will discuss the concept of innovation policy, walk through pragmatic innovation strategies derived from principles and experiences, and discuss the government’s basic roles in innovation policy making.

One always has to keep that in mind because interaction, networking and communication between both sides are absolutely necessary in trying to achieve a balanced development of both rural and urban areas (c.f. ST DUNSTAN'S COMMUNITY SCHOOL) There are different reasons that cause rural-urban migration in developing countries - they are the so.

for poverty reduction requires an urban as well as a rural focus. Because of the South African history of migrant labour poor peoples’ lives often straddle rural and urban boundaries. It is thus a case of needing both an urban and a rural poverty reduction strategy, rather that seeing the problems of poverty in rural versus urban poverty.

Livelihoods research: some conceptual and methodological issues This paper offers a review of conceptual and methodological issues in the pursuit of livelihoods research, with particular reference to southern Africa. Disparate and partly overlapping frameworks of investigation are outlined, with an emphasis on three key questions.

First, how is. Poverty in Rural South Africa 5 a) The Causes of Poverty – mapping the institutional landscape (i) Winners and losers in the transition from Apartheid (ii) Agrarian restructuring, rural development and land reform 5 5 8 b) North West Province 9 c) Madibogo (i) Differentiation and poverty (ii) How poor people respond to poverty 11 12 14 Size: KB.

Land and housing are the most important assets of the poor. Improving tenure security for both women and men can have a greater impact on household income, food security, and equity. With the majority of the world’s population lacking secure land and property rights, land is at the center of development challenges.education, in effect, trading in rural poverty for urban poverty.

Given the significant number of people moving to new countries in some regions, migration will shape future demographic trends. Migration is thus an important component of urban population growth and the urbanization process in by: 4.One in four rural renters is spending more than 50 percent of their income on housing, yet the rental housing supply in rural communities is often small or shrinking.

As rural America’s housing requirements change, it is essential to assess the need for Author: Corianne Payton Scally.